ImagEM X2-1K EM-CCD camera
The ImagEM X2-1K (C9100-24B) is an extremely versatile camera that quietly delivers 18.5 frames/s at full frame and high sensitivity (1024×1024 pixel). With very high signal to noise in near dark conditions and extremely low dark current, the ImagEM X2-1K enables quantitative ultra-low light imaging both for long integration times and at high speed. With EM gain off, the extremely deep full well capacity can extract information from the lowest contrast bright images. Additional new features allow for optimized camera triggering, on-board for EM gain protection, streamlined connectivity through IEEE1394b, improved overall signal to noise and increased non-EM dynamic range. Hamamatsu has taken the beloved 1024 × 1024 EM-CCD sensor and created a masterfully redesigned camera that delivers maximum speed and precision performance.
|Camera head type||Hermetic vacuum-sealed air/water-cooled head*1|
|Window||Anti-reflection (AR) coatings on both sides, single window|
|Imaging device||Electron Multiplying Back-Thinned Frame Transfer CCD|
|Effective number of pixels||1024 (H)×1024 (V)|
|Cell size||13 μm (H)×13 μm (V)|
|Effective area||13.3 mm (H) × 13.3 mm (V)|
|Pixel clock rate (EM-CCD readout)||22 MHz, 11 MHz, 0.6875 MHz|
|Pixel clock rate (NORMAL CCD readout)||0.6875 MHz|
|EM (electron multiplying) gain||1×, 10× to 1200× (typ.)*2|
|Ultra low light detection||Photon Imaging mode (1, 2, 3)|
|Fastest readout speed||18.5 frames/s to 314 frames/s*3|
|Readout noise (EM-CCD readout)||15 electrons (EM gain 4×, at 22 MHz) (rms) (typ.)
10 electrons (EM gain 4×, at 11 MHz) (rms) (typ.)
3 electrons (EM gain 4×, at 0.6875 MHz) (rms) (typ.)
1 electron max. (EM gain 1200×） (rms) (typ.)
|Readout noise (NORMAL CCD readout)||10 electrons (at 0.6875 MHz) (rms) (typ.)|
|Full well capacity||EM-CCD readout: 400 000 electrons (Max. 800 000 electrons) (typ.)*4
NORMAL CCD readout: 50 000 electrons (typ.)
|Analog gain||EM-CCD readout (22 MHz): 1×
EM-CCD readout (11 MHz/0.6875 MHz): 0.5×, 1×
Normal CCD readout: 1×, 2×, 3×, 4×, 5×
|Cooling temperature (Forced-air cooled)||At temperature control: -50 ℃ (Room temperature 0 ℃ to +30 ℃, at 22 MHz)
At temperature control: -55 ℃ ((Room temperature 0 ℃ to +30 ℃, 11 MHZ, 0.6875 MHz. Normal CCD readout)
At maximum cooling (typ.): -65 ℃ (Room temperature: stable at +20 ℃)
|Cooling temperature (Water cooled)||At temperature control: -65 ℃ (Water temperature: +20 ℃, at 22 MHz)
At temperature control: -70 ℃ (Water temperature: +20 ℃, 11 MHZ, 0.6875 MHz. Normal CCD readout)
At maximum cooling (typ.): -80 ℃ (Water temperature: lower than +10 ℃)
|Temperature stability (Forced-air cooled)||±0.01 ℃ (typ.)|
|Temperature stability (Water cooled)||±0.01 ℃ (typ.)|
|Dark current (Forced-air cooled)||0.01 electron/pixel/s (-65 ℃) (typ.)|
|Dark current (Water cooled)||0.001 electron/pixel/s (-80 ℃) (typ.)|
|Clock induced charge||0.01 events/pixel/frame (typ.)|
|Exposure time (Internal sync mode)||52.7 ms to 1 s (22 MHz)
103.2 ms to 2 h (11 MHz)
1616.9 ms to 2 h (0.6875 MHz)
|Exposure time (External trigger mode)||10 μs to 1 s (22 MHz)
10 μs to 2 h (11 MHz, 0.6875 MHz)
|A/D converter||16 bit|
|Output signal/External control||IEEE1394b|
|Sub-array||Every 16 lines (horizontal, vertical) size, position can be set|
|External trigger mode||Edge trigger, Level trigger, Start trigger, Synchronous readout trigger|
|Trigger output||Exposure timing output, Programmable timing output (Delay and pulse length are variable.), Trigger ready output|
|Image processing features (real-time)||Background subtraction, Shading correction, Recursive filter, Frame averaging, Spot noise reducer*5|
|EM gain protection||EM warning mode, EM protection mode|
|EM gain readjustment||Available|
|Power supply||AC 100 V to 240 V, 50 Hz / 60 Hz|
|Power consumption||Approx. 140 VA|
|Ambient storage temperature||-10 °C to + 50 °C|
|Ambient operating temperature||0 °C to + 40 °C|
|Performance guaranteed temperature||0 °C to + 30 °C|
|Ambient operating/storage humidity||70 % max. (with no condensation)|
It looks like you’re in the . If this is not your location, please select the correct region and country below.
You're headed to Hamamatsu Photonics website for U.K. (English). If you want to view an other country's site, the optimized information will be provided by selecting options below.
For modern websites to work according to visitor’s expectations, they need to collect certain basic information about visitors. To do this, a site will create small text files which are placed on visitor’s devices (computer or mobile) - these files are known as cookies when you access a website. Cookies are used in order to make websites function and work efficiently. Cookies are uniquely assigned to each visitor and can only be read by a web server in the domain that issued the cookie to the visitor. Cookies cannot be used to run programs or deliver viruses to a visitor’s device.
Cookies do various jobs which make the visitor’s experience of the internet much smoother and more interactive. For instance, cookies are used to remember the visitor’s preferences on sites they visit often, to remember language preference and to help navigate between pages more efficiently. Much, though not all, of the data collected is anonymous, though some of it is designed to detect browsing patterns and approximate geographical location to improve the visitor experience.
Certain type of cookies may require the data subject’s consent before storing them on the computer.
This website uses two types of cookies:
There are two ways to manage cookie preferences.
If you wish to restrict or block web browser cookies which are set on your device then you can do this through your browser settings; the Help function within your browser should tell you how. Alternatively, you may wish to visit www.aboutcookies.org, which contains comprehensive information on how to do this on a wide variety of desktop browsers.
Occasionally, we may use internet tags (also known as action tags, single-pixel GIFs, clear GIFs, invisible GIFs and 1-by-1 GIFs) at this site and may deploy these tags/cookies through a third-party advertising partner or a web analytical service partner which may be located and store the respective information (including your IP-address) in a foreign country. These tags/cookies are placed on both online advertisements that bring users to this site and on different pages of this site. We use this technology to measure the visitors' responses to our sites and the effectiveness of our advertising campaigns (including how many times a page is opened and which information is consulted) as well as to evaluate your use of this website. The third-party partner or the web analytical service partner may be able to collect data about visitors to our and other sites because of these internet tags/cookies, may compose reports regarding the website’s activity for us and may provide further services which are related to the use of the website and the internet. They may provide such information to other parties if there is a legal requirement that they do so, or if they hire the other parties to process information on their behalf.
If you would like more information about web tags and cookies associated with on-line advertising or to opt-out of third-party collection of this information, please visit the Network Advertising Initiative website http://www.networkadvertising.org.
We use third-party cookies (such as Google Analytics) to track visitors on our website, to get reports about how visitors use the website and to inform, optimize and serve ads based on someone's past visits to our website.
You may opt-out of Google Analytics cookies by the websites provided by Google:
We inform you that in such case you will not be able to wholly use all functions of our website.