Life science Life science

Life sciences

Capturing complex and diverse life phenomena ranging from molecules to tissue

The human body consists of 30 trillion cells, and each cell functions according to its genetic information.  Light-based technologies for biology and medical sciences, also known as biophotonics, are instrumental to the analysis of processes at the molecular, cellular and anatomical levels. For example, understanding the molecular level mechanism by which cells proliferate and die gives us a better understanding of the origin of diseases, leading to new treatments and drugs, and in some cases prevention.


Molecular mechanisms that create higher functions in organisms are currently being revealed one after another.  We continue to provide advanced detection technology for the broad spectrum of research fields known collectively as life sciences.


Below learn more about life science applications that utilize photonic devices and components, affording Hamamatsu the opportunity to contribute to revolutionizing healthcare.

DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing is a laboratory technique used to understand genetic codes by deciphering the exact sequence of bases (A, C, G, and T) in a DNA molecule.

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

PCR Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

PCR is a method used in molecular biology and clinical diagnostics to amplify genetic material for various purposes including the detection of pathogens like the COVID-19 virus (SARS-CoV-2).

High-throughput screening (HTS) and high-content screening (HCS)

High-throughput screening/ High-content screening

High-throughput screening (HTS) and high-content screening (HCS) are related analytical techniques of studying biological systems in parallel, common in cell biology and pharmaceutical drug discovery.

Research and development in biophotonics

We have been continuously researching how biological phenomena interacts with light.  Through understanding these mechanisms, we hope to create useful tools that will improve our lives.  In our research, sometimes we can use biological materials to create models.  For example, we have made environmental sensors that use the photosynthesis system of algae, and have created photosensitive nerve cells that use the photoactive euglena enzyme to understand the mechanisms of neurological disease.  Such research may lead to exciting applications in drug discovery and advanced medical fields.  Learn more about initiatives from our Central Research Laboratory.

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